LC2 Biology


Monday 27/5/19 – Friday 31/5/19: Supervised study for Leaving Cert students.


Friday 24/5/19: Supervised study for Leaving Cert students.

Wednesday 22/5/19: TO DO: Exam paper questions and marking schemes. DONE:

Tuesday 21/5/19: TO DO: Exam paper questions and marking schemes. DONE:

Monday 20/5/19: TO DO: Exam paper questions and marking schemes. DONE:


Friday 17/5/19: TO DO: Exam paper questions and marking schemes. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete the 2017 exam paper for Monday.

Wednesday 15/5/19: TO DO: Cover lactation, breastfeeding, birth control and infertility. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete the 2018 exam paper for tomorrow.

Tuesday 14/5/19: TO DO: Continue with reproductive system. Cover stages of sexual intercourse and childbirth. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete third mock exam given out.

Monday 13/5/19: TO DO: Continue with the male reproductive system. Cover female menstrual cycle disorders. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study.


Friday 10/5/19: TO DO: Cover the defense system. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete drawing out and labeling the male reproductive system.

Wednesday 8/5/19: TO DO: Cover a musculoskeletal disorder and muscles. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete mock exam paper given out.

Tuesday 7/5/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover the topic of joints in the musculoskeletal system chapter. DONE: Covered joints. Homework: study.

Monday 6/5/19: NO school – bank holiday.


Friday 3/5/19: TO DO: Cover the nervous system disorder and the spinal cord and reflex arc. DONE: Did all of the above. Students also did activities to investigate their own knee jerk reflex and their reaction times. Homework: answer questions 11 and 12 page 406.

Wednesday 1/5/19: TO DO: Cover the senses of smell, taste and touch. Cover the structure and function of the human brain. DONE: Covered the senses of smell, taste and touch. Also covered the brain and all the various parts of the brain and their functions. Homework: question 10 page 406.

Tuesday 30/4/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions, finish off the functions of the various parts of the ear and cover the senses of smell, taste and touch, if time. DONE: Only got the functions of the ear covered. Homework: page 406 – 407 questions 1 and 2 of the sample examination questions.

Monday 29/4/19: TO DO: Cover eye and ear disorders and the structure of the ear. DONE: Covered disorders. Did not quite get ear finished. Homework: pages 405-6 questions 7, 8 and 9.


Monday 15/4/19 – Friday 26/4/19: EASTER HOLIDAYS


Friday 12/4/19: TO DO: Cover the rest of the transmission of a nerve impulse and cover the topic of synapse. Cover the structure and function of the human eye – discuss all the various parts and their functions. DONE: Did all of the above. Students also measured their near points for both eyes as well as the activity to locate their blind spots. Homework: use given study plan.

Wednesday 10/4/19: TO DO: Correct homework question and start Chapter 39: human nervous system. Recap on the central and peripheral nervous systems as well as the motor and sensory neurons. Start transmission of impulse if time. DONE: Did all of the above. Started the section on transmission of a nerve impulse. Homework: draw out fully and label the structure of the human eye.

Tuesday 9/4/19: TO DO: Recap on yesterday’s visit to the rocky seashore. Continue with endocrine system. Cover the negative feedback loop. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: complete up to and including question 12 page 389.

Monday 8/1/19: TO DO: Visit rocky seashore with Galway Atlantaquaria.


Friday 5/4/19: TO DO: Visit 1: quantify number of limpets on rocky seashore as part of the quantifying animals in a habitat. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study.

Wednesday 3/4/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions. Continue with the endocrine system. Cover the negative feedback loop of a named hormone (thyroxine). DONE: Didn’t get the negative feedback covered. Homework: questions 1-8 at the end of the chapter.

Tuesday 2/4/19: TO DO: Test students on knowledge of the endocrine system. Continue with chapter 38. Cover the definitions of hormone, endocrine gland and exocrine gland. Homework: questions 1-8 (except question 2) on page 389.

Monday 1/4/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and start Chapter 38: Endocrine system. Did the above. Homework: learn of the outline structure of the human body, locations of the ten endocrine glands, one hormone they each secrete and its function.


Friday 29/3/19: TO DO: Correct homework and finish off chapter 28: cover epigeal and hypogeal germination and advantages of seed reproduction versus reproduction by asexual means. DONE: Did the above. Homework: questions 11 and 12 page 299 and sample exam questions 1 and 2 page 300.

Wednesday 27/3/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover germination – digestion and respiration within the seed, and the structure of the germinating seed – including the embryo, plumule, epicotyl, radicle, hypocotyl, endosperm and cotyledons. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete question 14 (a) of the 2018 HL paper.

Tuesday 26/3/19: TO DO: Cover seedless fruits, ripening of fruit, dormancy and dormancy in agriculture. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: answer questions 9 and 10 page 299.

Monday 25/3/19: TO DO: Students to complete the setup of the practical activity. DONE: Students did the above. Homework: redo practical activity questions 1-6 page 298.


Friday 22/3/19: TO DO: Continue covering the mock exam. DONE: Continued correcting the mock exam. Got up to question 12 done. Students then set up for the experiment to demonstrate the digestive activity of germinating seeds again – with broad bean seeds. Homework: complete 7, 8 and 9 of the 2018 paper.

Wednesday 20/3/19: TO DO: Continue correcting the mock exam. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete questions 1-6 of the 2018 exam paper.

Tuesday 19/3/19: TO DO: Correct mock exam with students. DONE: Corrected remainder of mock exams. Students did further work on their worksheet from last week. Homework: study.

Monday 18/3/19: No school – bank holiday.


Friday 15/3/19: No school due to scheduled day off.

Wednesday 13/3/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions 1-7 page 299. Cover fruit formation. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete questions 6 – 15 on the given worksheet.

Tuesday 12/3/19: TO DO: Brain exhibition (12 noon – 1 pm). Give short informal test on fertilisation in the flowering plant. Cover seed structure and development. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete chapter questions 1-7 page 299.

Monday 11/3/19: TO DO: Give test on embryo sac development and pollen grain development. Cover fertilisation in the flowering plant. DONE: Did the above. Homework: learn of the process of fertilisation for short test tomorrow.


Friday 8/3/19: TO DO: Finish off chapter 26: response in the flowering plant – cover the four anatomical and four chemical adaptations. Start Chapter 28: Cover embryo sac development and pollen grain development DONE: Did the above. Homework: learn off for test on Monday.

Wednesday 6/3/19: Correct homework questions and cover auxins and growth regulators, uses of growth regulators and mechanism of phototropism. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: complete questions 5-9 page 276.

Tuesday 5/3/19: TO DO: Cover the five tropisms in plants. DONE: Did the above. Homework: questions 1-4 page 276.


Monday 25/2/19 – Friday 1/3/19 and Monday 4/3/19: LC Mock Exams.


Monday 18/2/19 – Friday 22/2/19: Midterm Break


Friday 15/2/19: TO DO: Cover the topic of the menstrual cycle, menstrual disorders, fertilisation, development of the embryo – morula, blastocyst and the three germ layers – and resulting organ systems. Cover growth regulator and examples. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: study.

Thursday 14/2/19: TO DO: Cover the following topics: active v passive immunity; antigen v antibody, vaccination, types of lymphocytes – B cells and T cells. Also cover the topics of hormone and deficiency of a named hormone. Finally cover motor neuron, sensory neuron, synapse, and Parkinson’s disease. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: study for upcoming mock exam on Monday 4/3/19.

Wednesday 13/2/19: TO DO: Complete the topic of the musculoskeletal system. Cover the disorder of the musculoskeletal system. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: study.

Tuesday 12/2/19: TO DO: Start the musculoskeletal system and cover the long bone if time. DONE: Covered the structure and function of the various parts of the skeleton. Started the structure of the long bone. Homework: study.

Monday 11/2/19: TO DO: Practical activity to set up activity to demonstrate the digestive activity of germinating seeds. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study.


Wednesday 6/2/19 – Friday 8/2/19: absent.

Tuesday 5/2/19: No class due to parent-teacher meeting.

Monday 4/2/19: TO DO: Practical activity: to investigate the three factors that affect germination. DONE: Students set up practical. Homework: complete write up and answer practical activity questions 1-3 p296.


Friday 1/2/19: TO DO: Students are to measure the lengths of the roots and shoots of the cress seeds and create a table of results and draw a graph. DONE: Did the above. Students also drew graph of results. Homework: answer question 2 of the sample exam questions on page 277.

Wednesday 30/1/19: TO DO: Complete chapter 27 – cover grafting and tissue culturing. Start Chapter 28 : sexual reproduction in flowering plants. DONE: Did the above. Covered structure and function of a typical flower. Homework: study for upcoming mock.

Tuesday 29/1/19: TO DO: Complete chapter 27 – cover grafting and tissue culturing. Start Chapter 28 : sexual reproduction in flowering plants. DONE: Most students were absent. Did a biology quiz with the remainder.

Monday 28/1/19: TO DO: Cover Chapter 27: vegetative propagation. DONE: Covered natural veg prop and the first two techniques in artificial veg prop. Homework: complete questions 1-5 at the end of the chapter page 282.


Friday 25/1/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and start Chapter 26: response in the flowering plant. Introduce the concept of tropisms and growth regulators and describe the practical activity to investigate the effect of IAA on the growth of plant tissue. DONE: Introduced response in flowering plants. Students set up the practical activity to investigate the effect of IAA on the growth of plant tissue. Homework: complete the write up and the practical activity questions 1-5 page 274.

Wednesday 23/1/19: TO DO: Recap on the cohesion-tension model of water transport. Cover the control of transpiration, carbon dioxide uptake, control of stomatal opening and closing, transport of the products of photosynthesis and modified food storage organs in plants. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: complete chapter questions 1 – 17 p267.

Tuesday 22/1/19: TO DO: Start Chapter 25: Nutrition in the flowering plant. Cover the movement of water through a plant by the cohesion tension model. DONE: Did the above topics. Homework: questions 1-9 p267.

Monday 21/1/19: TO DO: Complete Chapter 24. Cover internal structure of roots and cover structure of xyelm and phloem. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete all chapter questions at the end of the chapter as well as the sample exam paper questions.


Friday 18/1/19:
TO DO: Practical activity to view a dicot stem under the light microscope. Also complete the rest of chapter 24 – buds, roots, vascular tissue. DONE: Students completed practical activity. Covered buds, roots and vascular tissue. Homework: complete chapter questions and practical activity questions at the end of the chapter.

Wednesday 16/1/19:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and continue with Chapter 24: structure of flowering plant.
DONE: Covered internal and external structure of a dicot and monocot stem. Also covered the internal and external structure of a leaf. Homework: study for upcoming test.

Tuesday 15/1/19: No class due to third year parent-teacher meeting.

Monday 14/1/19:
TO DO: Start Chapter 24: Flowering plants. Cover the general structure and functions as well as the internal and external structure of the stem.
DONE: Started Chapter 24: structure of flowering plants. Discussed general structure of angiosperms and went over the external and internal structure of the stem. Homework: complete chapter questions 1-13 (a) p257.


Monday 7/1/19 – Friday 11/1/19: Due to be away – work left for students.


Friday 21/12/18: No class due to half day.

Wednesday 19/12/18:
TO DO: Test on microbiology to be given.
DONE: Test given.

Tuesday 18/12/18:
TO DO: Complete the viruses chapter – economic importance of viruses – one beneficial and two harmful viruses.
DONE: Did the above. Students studied for test tomorrow. Homework: study for short microbiology test tomorrow.

Monday 17/12/18:
TO DO: Students to conduct practical activity to view the cross section of a dicot stem using the light microscope. Introduce the topic of structure of flowering plants.
DONE: Students conducted the practical to view a dicot stem using the light microscope. Homework: study for short test on Microbiology on Wednesday.


Friday 14/12/18:
TO DO: Cover Chapter 22: Kingdom Protista and Chapter 23: Viruses.
DONE: Covered Protista in full. Covered structure and function of viruses and replication of viruses from Chapter 23. Homework: questions 7 page 246 and question 1 page 247.

Wednesday 12/12/18:
TO DO: Many students due to be absent. Revision to be done.
DONE: Did revision of the digestive system. Past paper question done. Homework: study.

Tuesday 11/12/18:
TO DO: Cover reproduction in Rhizopus.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete all remaining questions at the end of chapter 21 (page 237).

Monday 10/12/18: No class due to LC parent-teacher meeting.


Friday 7/12/18:
TO DO: Many due to be absent due to Bish Bash etc. Revision to be done with the remainder.
DONE: Students did the practical activity to isolate DNA. They isolated it from celery.

Wednesday 5/12/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and continue with Kingdom Fungi. Cover structure, function and reproduction in yeast and cover Rhizopus.
DONE: Corrected homework questions and covered yeast and the structure of Rhizopus. Did not get to cover Rhizopus reproduction. Gave out a worksheet. Homework: Answer questions 1 and 2 (a) – (e).

Tuesday 4/12/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and continue with Chapter 20: Kingdom Monera. Cover antibiotics and food processing. Start Chapter 21: Kingdom Fungi.
DONE: Did the above. Covered general structure, nutrition in Fungi. Homework: answer questions 11-17 page 226 and question 2 from the sample exam questions on page 227.

Monday 3/12/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions. Cover the factors affecting bacterial growth and the bacterial growth curve. Cover the beneficial and harmful bacteria if time.
DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: questions 8 and 9 on page 226.


Friday 30/11/18: Due to be away at inservice – work left.

Thursday 29/11/18: No class due to teacher inservice day.

Wednesday 28/11/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and continue with Chapter 20: Monera. Cover the topics of bacterial reproduction and endospore formation
DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete questions 5, 6, 7 page 225.

Tuesday 27/11/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and start Chapter 20: Kingdom Monera.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: Questions 1-4 page 225.

Monday 26/11/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover chapter 19: diversity of life. Start Chapter 20 if time.
DONE: Did the above. Did not get to start chapter 20. Homework: questions 1 and 2 at the end of chapter 19.


Friday 23/11/18:
TO DO: Cover the rest of genetic engineering. Cover ligation, transformation, selection, cloning and expression. Cover the applications of genetic engineering if time.
DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: answer questions 1-11 at the end of chapter 18 and answer all questions on the worksheets given out.

Wednesday 21/11/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and start Chapter 18: Genetic engineering.
DONE: Did the above. Covered the start of genetic engineering – isolation and cutting. Homework: study.

Tuesday 20/11/18:
TO DO: Correct homework and continue with chapter 17. Cover the topic of evolution and the theory of natural selection and evidence for evolution.
DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: questions 3-11 page 201.

Monday 19/11/18:
TO DO: Chapter 19: Variation; Evolution
DONE: Covered variation, mutations, mutagens, and showed crash course video on evolution. Homework: questions 1 and 2 page 201.


Tuesday 13/11/18 – Friday 16/11/18: Christmas mock exams.

Monday 12/11/18: Due to be away at an NCCA meeting. Work left for students.


Friday 9/11/18:
TO DO: Revision
DONE: Revised genetic, nutrition, urinary system and respiration with students during double class. Homework: study!!!

Wednesday 7/11/18:
TO DO: Cover sex linkage, pedigree studies and non-nuclear inheritance.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete 4 sex-linked crosses put up on the whiteboard.

Tuesday 6/11/18:
TO DO: Give back tests and correct. Did the above. Start sex linkage.
DONE: Gave back test and corrected. Did not have time to cover sex linkage. Homework: study for next week’s Christmas exam.

Monday 5/11/18: No class due to second year parent-teacher meeting.


Friday 26/10/18:
TO DO: Test to be given during the second class.
DONE: Test given.

Wednesday 24/10/18:
TO DO: Cover linkage and do questions. Cover sex linkage, if time.
DONE: Covered linkage and gave question for homework:
Q: A red-flowered, tall tulip was crossed with another red-flowered, tall tulip. 23 offspring resulted from the cross. Six had yellow flowers and were short. The remainder (17) had red flowers and were tall. The genes for flower colour and height in tulips are present on the same chromosomes with the allele for tallness being present on the same chromosome as the allele for red flowers and the allele for shortness being on the same chromosome as the allele for yellow flowers.
(a) Which of the traits are dominant?
(b) Which of the traits are recessive?
(c) Using the punnett square technique describe how this mating occurred.
(d) Would the same proportions of offspring be produced if the genes were not linked? Explain your answer.

Tuesday 23/10/18:
TO DO: Give test on Mendel’s laws. Further study on dihybrid crosses.
DONE: Did the above. Students practiced more on monohybrid and dihybrid crosses. Homework: study for upcoming test on Thursday.

Monday 22/10/18:
TO DO: Cover Mendel’s laws and dihybrid crosses involving his pea plants.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: questions 22, 23, 24, 27 and 28 p189.

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Friday 19/10/18:
TO DO: Check on growth of leaf yeast and take down results. Show documentary on the human genome project.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: study for test next week.

Wednesday 17/10/18:
TO DO: Correct homework. Continue with genetic crosses. Give out worksheets to do.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: answer questions 1-4 on the worksheets given out.

Tuesday 16/10/18:
TO DO: Cover incomplete dominance.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete questions 20 and 21 page 189.

Monday 15/10/18: Away at Junior Cycle Maths inservice

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Friday 12/10/18:
TO DO: Practical activity: to grow leaf yeast.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: Complete the practical activity questions on page 235.

Wednesday 10/10/18: No school due to whole-school well-being inservice for teachers

Tuesday 9/10/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions. Continue with monohybrid crosses and cover sex determination.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete chapter questions up to and including question 18 page 189.

Monday 8/10/18:
TO DO: Correct homework and cover the topic of monohybrid corsses.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: questions 9, 10 and 11 page 188 and complete questions 7-12 on the worksheet given out at the end of class.

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Friday 5/10/18: No class due to students having the day off to attend the NUIG open day

Wednesday 3/10/18:
TO DO: Give definitions test and continue with chapter 16: genetics.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: answer questions 1-8 pages 187-8 at the end of chapter 16.

Tuesday 2/10/18:
TO DO: Give back test and correct. Start Chapter 16: Genetics and inheritance.
DONE: Did above. Learn the six definitions: genetics, heredity, allele, locus, gamete and fertilisation

Monday 1/10/18: No class due to day off.

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Friday 28/9/18:
TO DO: Revision and test.
DONE: Revised protein synthesis, mitosis and structure of DNA/RNA. Gave test during second class.

Wednesday 26/9/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover translation and protein folding of the protein synthesis process. Show video of protein synthesis.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete questions up to 11 and study for the test.

Monday 24/9/18:
TO DO: Start Chapter 15: Protein synthesis.
DONE: Did the above. Covered transcription in a lot of detailed. Started translation. Homework: questions 1-5 page 169 at the end of chapter 15.

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Friday 21/9/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions from worksheet. Cover genetic screening. Show Hank Green’s video on DNA and DNA replication.
DONE: Did all of the above. Completed chapter 14 and corrected all chapter and past exam paper questions. Homework: study for end-of-month test next week.

Wednesday 19/9/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and get students to do paper-based CSI DNA profiling activity.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: questions 1-6 on attached worksheet.

Tuesday 18/9/18: No school due to teacher CPD.

Monday 17/9/18:
TO DO: Students to complete the practical activity questions 1-11 page 161 and continue with DNA profiling.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: question 11 page 163 and question 2 of the sample exam questions, also on page 163.

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Friday 14/9/18:
TO DO: Practical activity: to isolate DNA from plant tissue.
DONE: Students completed the activity. Homework: complete the experimental write-up.

Wednesday 12/9/18:
TO DO: Cover DNA profiling.
DONE: Did the above. Did not get gel electrophoresis and compare sections covered fully. Homework: worksheet given – complete for homework.

Tuesday 11/9/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover the topic of DNA replication and DNA profiling.
DONE: Corrected homework questions and covered DNA replication. Did not get to cover DNA profiling. Homework: study.

Monday 10/9/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover the topics of DNA detailed structure, complementary base pairing and purines and pyrimidines.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete questions 6-10 page 162 and question 1 from the sample exam questions on page 163.

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Friday 7/9/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover meiosis. Start Chapter 14: DNA/RNA if time.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: Questions 1-5 page 162.

Wednesday 5/9/18:
TO DO: Cover anaphase and telophase, cytokinesis and functions of mitosis in single-celled and multicellular organisms.
DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: question 4 page 152 (sample exam questions)

Tuesday 4/9/18:
TO DO: Correct homework questions and give practice questions on chromosome diagrams. Cover the process of cell division.
DONE: Corrected questions. Did not get to cover cell division. Homework: questions 2 and 3 of the sample exam questions page 153

Monday 3/9/18:
TO DO: Give short test on definitions. Cover the detailed part of mitosis.
DONE: Did the above. Homework: question 6 page 152.

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Friday 31/8/18:
TO DO: Continue with Chapter 13: cell cycle.
DONE: Did the above. Covered homologous chromosomes. Homework: learn off definitions gene, chromosome, diploid, haploid, mitosis and meiosis.

Wednesday 29th August 2018:
TO DO: introduce LC year and plan for the year ahead. Start Chapter 13 if time.
DONE: Started chapter 13. No homework given to allow students to organise for the year ahead.