LC Biology


Friday 13/3/20: No class due to Covid-19

Thursday 12/3/20: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover protective mechanisms in plants. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete questions 1-9 at the end of chapter 26.

Tuesday 10/3/20: TO DO: Correct question 14 (b) 2018. Cover chapter 26: plant responses. DONE: Correct HW. Covered the five tropisms. Covered IAA and its general functions. Did get to cover plants’ protective mechanisms. Homework: question 6 of the 2017 paper.

Monday 9/3/20: TO DO: Cover control of transpiration and stomatal opening and closing and the four types of food storage in plants. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: do question 14 (b) of the 2018 paper.


Friday 6/3/20: TO DO: Quantitative study of animals. DONE: Students conducted the first half of the quantitative study of animals in their habitat (rocky seashore). Homework: start write up of investigation.

Thursday 5/3/20: TO DO: Give back mock exams and go through questions. DONE: Got through question 1-6.

Tuesday 3/3/20: TO DO: Finish the chapter on structure of flowering plants – cover xylem and phloem structure and function. Recap on chapter 25 if time. DONE: Finish Chapter 24. Didn’t start on chapter 25. Showed crash course biology video on structure of flowering plants. Homework: learn diagrams in chapter 24 for test on Thursday.

Monday 2/3/20: TO DO: Finish the chapter on structure of flowering plants – cover xylem and phloem structure and function. Recap on chapter 25 if time. DONE: Didn’t cover xylem and phloem due to many being absent. Did question 1s from the exam papers. Covered 2019, 2018 and 2017. Homework: question 1s from 2016 and 2015.


Friday 28/2/20: TO DO: Recap on Chapter 24: Structure of flowering plants. Cover buds and roots. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete questions at the end of chapter 24.

Thursday 27/2/20: TO DO: Recap on flowering plants and cover stem structure. Recap on viewing a TS of a dicot stem. DONE: Did the above. Questions at the end of the chapter.

Monday 24/2/20 – Wednesday 26/2/20: LC Mock Exams.


Monday 17/2/20: Cover the following topics: Nitrogen and carbon cycles; conservation; measuring abiotic factors; role of microorganisms in waste management; predation and predator-prey relationships; factors affecting human population growth; light intensity photosynthesis experiment; male reproductive system and sperm; ovulation; fertilisation; implantation; pregnancy; placenta; birth process; breastfeeding.


Thursday 13/2/20 – Friday 14/2/20: In-house Leaving Cert Exams.

Tuesday 11/2/20: TO DO: Cover photosynthesis and experiment, if time. DONE: Covered the light stage (pathways 1 and 2) of photosynthesis.

Monday 10/2/20: TO DO: Cover the definitions from chapter 4: ecology. Cover food chain, food web and parasitism. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study.


Friday 7/2/20: Due to be away. Work left.

Thursday 6/2/20: Due to be away. Work left.

Tuesday 4/2/20: TO DO: Structure of seeds and seed dispersal. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study.

Monday 3/2/20: TO DO: View results of digestive activity in germinating seeds. Add iodine to dishes. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study.


Friday 31/1/20: TO DO: Practical activity to demonstrate the digestive activity of germinating seeds. DONE: Covered pollination and various types, structure of animal pollinated flowers, fertilisation and the double fertilisation. Homework: study.

Thursday 30/1/20: TO DO: Students to test for alcohol from their yeast-glucose setups. DONE: Students did the above practical test. Homework: study.

Tuesday 28/1/20: Due to be away working with the SEC. Work left for students to complete.

Monday 27/1/20: Due to be away at Schools Cross Country. Work to be left for students to complete.


Friday 24/1/20: Students to collect results of the IAA experiments and the factors affecting germination experiment. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study.

Thursday 23/1/20: TO DO: Cover embryo sac development and pollen grain development. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study.

Tuesday 21/1/20: TO DO: Cover chapter 27: vegetative propagation. Natural and artificial vegetative propagation. Start Chapter 28: sexual reproduction in the flowering plant, if time. DONE: Did the above. Also got the structure and functions of a flower covered. Homework: study.

Monday 20/1/20: TO DO: Cover growth regulators and the uses of growth regulators. Students also to set up experiment to investigate the effects of water, oxygen and a suitable temperature on germination. DONE: Did the above topics. Homework: study.


Friday 17/1/20: TO DO: Cover the topic of auxin and set up the experiment to investigate the effect of IAA on plant tissue. DONE: Did the above. Introduced chapter 25: plant response. Students set up the experiment. Homework: complete the write up of the activity and answer practical activity questions.

Thursday 16/1/20: TO DO: Practical activity: to view a transverse section of a dicot stem. DONE: Did the above. Students are to complete the write-up for homework and answer practical activity questions 1-9 page 256.

Tuesday 14/1/20: TO DO: Start Chapter 25: Nutrition in the flowering plant and cover the cohesion- tension model of water transport in plants. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study.

Monday 13/1/20: TO DO: Continue with plant structure. Cover the structure and function of the leaf. DONE: Did the above. Homework: questions 5 – 14 at the end of the chapter page 257.


Friday 10/1/20: TO DO: Practical activity to set up an activity to produce and test for alcohol. DONE: Students set up the experiment and wrote it up. Homework: study.

Thursday 9/1/20: TO DO: Continue with structure of flowering plants. DONE: Did the above. Covered stem structure and functions. Homework: study.

Tuesday 7/1/20: TO DO: Start Chapter 24: Kingdom Plantae and the structure of flowering plants. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study.

Monday 6/1/20: TO DO: Recap on the biochemistry of respiration. DONE: Did the above. Revised all three stages. Covered anaerobic respiration. Homework: revise.


Friday 20/12/19: No class due to LCs being given the day off.

Thursday 19/12/19: TO DO: Recap on glycolysis. Cover Krebs’ Cycle. DONE: Only 7 students present. Cover some past exam paper questions on food and nutrition. Homework: study.

Tuesday 17/12/19: TO DO: Cover glycolysis. DONE: Did the above. Homework: questions 5 and 6 of the chapter questions at the end of chapter 12 (page 140-1)

Monday 16/12/19: TO DO: Cover the economic importance of bacteria as well as batch culture and continuous flow culture. DONE: Did the above. Started Chapter 12: respiration. Covered the balanced chemical equation for respiration. Homework: draw out and fully label the structure of the mitochondrion (figure 12.1).


Friday 13/12/19: TO DO: Practical activity to prepare agar and grow microorganisms. Also cover economic importance of bacteria and the microorganisms growth curve. DONE: Students completed the practical activity. Covered the microorganism growth curve.

Thursday 12/12/19: TO DO: Cover endospore formation, nutrition in bacteria and the factors that affect bacterial growth. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: questions 7, 8, 14, 15, 16 page 226.

Tuesday 10/12/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and start Chapter 20: Kingdom Monera. Cover structure and types of bacteria. DONE: Covered the above topics. Homework: questions 1-6 at the end of chapter 20.

Monday 9/12/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover chapter 19: diversity of living organisms. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: questions 1 and 2 page 215.

Chapters left to cover:

  • Chapter 4
  • Chapter 5
  • Chapter 10
  • Chapter 11
  • Chapter 12
  • Chapter 21
  • Chapter 22
  • Chapter 23
  • Chapter 24
  • Chapter 25
  • Chapter 26
  • Chapter 27
  • Chapter 28
  • Chapter 41

Chapters completed:

  • Chapter 1
  • Chapter 2
  • Chapter 3
  • Chapter 6
  • Chapter 7
  • Chapter 8
  • Chapter 9
  • Chapter 13
  • Chapter 14
  • Chapter 15
  • Chapter 16
  • Chapter 17
  • Chapter 18
  • Chapter 19
  • Chapter 20
  • Chapter 29
  • Chapter 30
  • Chapter 31
  • Chapter 32
  • Chapter 33
  • Chapter 34
  • Chapter 35
  • Chapter 36
  • Chapter 37
  • Chapter 38
  • Chapter 39
  • Chapter 40

Friday 6/12/19: TO DO: Cover genetic engineering. DONE: Covered the entire chapter during the double period. Homework: complete questions 1-11 at the end of chapter 17 (page 208).

Thursday 5/12/19: No class due to LC retreat.

Tuesday 3/12/19: TO DO: Test students on their knowledge of the 4 observations and the 3 conclusions. Cover Alfred Russel-Wallace and evidence for evolution. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: complete all chapter questions at the end of chapter 17.

Monday 2/12/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover theory of natural selection. Cover Darwin’s 4 observations and 3 conclusions. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: learn off Darwin’s 4 observations and 3 conclusions for tomorrow and choose an animal and make an argument for why you think it is the world’s most vicious animal.


Friday 29/11/19: TO DO: Correct homework question and start variation and evolution. Cover topics of variation, mutation, species and speciation. DONE: Did the above. Homework: questions 1-4 page 201.

Thursday 28/11/19: TO DO: Continue with correcting the test. Cover non-nuclear inheritance if time. DONE: Did not cover tests today. Will finish it tomorrow. Covered pedigree studies and non-nuclear inheritance. Homework: question 2 of the sample exam questions at the end of chapter 16.

Tuesday 26/11/19: TO DO: Give back tests and correct. DONE: Started correcting the test. Covered sections A and B. Homework: choose a question from section C of the test that you didn’t do and complete it for Thursday.

Monday 25/11/19: No school – day off


Friday 22/11/19: TO DO: Practical activity to isolate DNA from onion tissue. DONE: Did the above. Homework: answer all past paper Qs on the experiment given out.

Thursday 21/11/19: No school due to JCT day.

Tuesday 19/11/19: TO DO: Continue with genetics. Cover the topic of sex linkage. DONE: Did the above. Homework:

Monday 18/11/19: Away at a NCCA meeting. Work left. Homework: complete the past paper questions that were left.


Tuesday 12/11/19 – Friday 15/11/19: Pre-mock LC exams.

Monday 11/11/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover the topic of linkage. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study for pre-mock Biology exam this coming Friday


Friday 8/11/19: TO DO: Continue with genetics. Cover Mendel’s second law of independent assortment and dihybrid crosses. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete the crosses given on the worksheet.

Thursday 7/11/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover Mendel’s second law of independent assortment. DONE: Did the above. Homework: questions 3 on the worksheet given out on Tuesday.

Tuesday 5/11/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover significance of first law. Cover second law if time. DONE: Covered the explanation of Mendel’s first law. Practiced monohybrid crosses with students. Homework: complete the three questions on the assigned worksheet.

Monday 4/11/19: TO DO: Start origins of genetics, Gregor Mendel and Mendel’s 1st Law of Segregation. DONE: Did the above. Homework: question 22 and question 1 of the sample exam questions.


Monday 28th October – Friday 1st November: Midterm break


Friday 25/10/19: TO DO: Give test and do DNA profiling activity. DONE: Test given and DNA profiling activity partially completed – ran out of time with students.

Thursday 24/10/19: TO DO: Many students due to be absent due to Hamlet trip. Revision to be done. DONE: Students did work on khanacademy.org. Homework: study for test tomorrow.

Tuesday 22/10/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover the topic of Mendel’s laws and start dihybrid crosses, if time. DONE: Covered incomplete dominance only. Homework: questions 20 and 21 page 188 and study for test.

Monday 21/10/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover incomplete dominance and cover the crosses associated with incomplete dominance. DONE: Corrected homework. Covered sex determination. Did not do incomplete dominance. Homework: questions 13 – 19 page 188


Friday 18/10/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and continue with chapter 16: genetics. Cover all the various definitions and start monohybrid crosses. DONE: Did the above topics. Homework: complete questions 1-12 pages 187-188.

Thursday 17/10/19: TO DO: Cover the detailed process of translation. Start Chapter 16: Genetics. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete chapter questions at the end of chapter 15.

Tuesday 15/10/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover translation in detail. DONE: Corrected homework questions. Didn’t get to cover translation in detail, but showed crash course video of transcription and translation. Homework: study.

Monday 14/10/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions. Start chapter 15: protein synthesis. DONE: Did the above. Covered transcription in detail and mentioned translation and protein folding. Homework: complete questions 1-6 page 169.


Friday 11/10/19: TO DO: Practical activity to prepare leaf yeast plates. DONE: Students prepared the dishes and they were placed in the incubator. Practical activity written up. Homework: complete write-up if not done, and answer practical activity questions 1-8 page 235.

Thursday 10/10/19: TO DO: Correct homework question and cover the topics of genetic screening and RNA. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete the DNA to RNA sequences and study.

Tuesday 8/10/19: TO DO: Go over the exam with students and continue with Chapter 14. Cover DNA profiling. DONE: Did the above. Homework: question 2 of the sample exam questions.

Monday 7/10/19: No class due to teacher Pieta House inservice session.


Friday 4/10/19: No Leaving Certs present in school due to college open day.

Thursday 3/10/19: Due to be away with the Athletics team. Work left.

Tuesday 1/10/19: TO DO: Test to be given on topics covered to date. DONE: Test given.

Monday 30/9/19: No school due to day off


Friday 27/9/19: Practical activity: to isolate DNA from onion tissue. DONE: Students did the above practical and started writing it up. Homework: complete the writ-up and answer practical activity questions on page 160.

Thursday 26/9/19: TO DO: Continue with DNA and RNA. Cover the topics of structure and function of DNA. Cover the definitions. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete questions 1-9 of the chapter questions and study for the end of month test.

Tuesday 24/9/19: No school due to teacher inservice day.

Monday 23/9/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and start chapter 14: DNA and RNA. Introduce the function and location of DNA. DONE: Did the above. Homework: draw out the structure of DNA figure 14.5 and learn for upcoming test.


Friday 20/9/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions. Cover importance of mitosis and cover meiosis. Move on to Chapter 14: DNA and RNA. DONE: Corrected homework questions and continued with the cell cycle. Covered importance of mitosis and meiosis as well as cancer. Showed crash course videos on mitosis and meiosis. Homework: complete chapter questions page 152 up to and including question 15 and complete the practical activity questions page 153.

Thursday 19/9/19; TO DO: Recap. Cover the topics of anaphase and telophase, cytokinesis. DONE: Did the above. Homework: questions 6, 7 and 8 at the end of the chapter (page 152).

Tuesday 17/9/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and cover mitosis in detail. DONE: Corrected questions and covered the topics of prophase and metaphase of mitosis. Homework: find out the diploid number of chromosomes of two organisms of your choice.

Monday 16/9/19: TO DO: Give short test on definitions. Continue with the cell cycle. DONE: Gave test. Covered the concepts of haploid and diploid and started the three phases of the cell cycle. Homework: question 1-5 at the end of the chapter (page 152).


Friday 13/9/19: TO DO: Demonstrate an experiment to show the chemical and organic composition of bone. Start chapter 13: cell cycle. DONE: Did the above. Homework: study the definitions introduced in chapter 13 for a short informal test on Monday.

Thursday 12/9/19: TO DO: Correct homework questions and recap. Cover musculoskeletal disorder. DONE: Covered the above. Covered musculoskeletal disorder. Homework: complete question 14 (c) of the 2019 paper.

Tuesday 10/9/19: TO DO: Recap and correct homework. Cover the topic of bone development, and bone renewal. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete questions 11-13 page 419.

Monday 9/9/19: TO DO: Continue with the musculoskeletal system. DONE: Recapped on the topics of axial and appendicular skeleton as well as details of the various parts. Also covered the structure of a lone bone and all the various functions. Homework: question 7-10 page 419.


Friday 6/9/19: Away working with the SEC.

Thursday 5/9/19: Due to be away with the SEC. Worksheets to be given.

Tuesday 3/9/19: TO DO: Give test on bones of the skeleton. Continue with chapter 40: the human musculoskeletal system. DONE: Did the above. Homework: complete chapter questions 1-6 page 419.

Monday 2/9/19: TO DO: Correct homework. Start Chapter 40: the musculoskeletal system. DONE: Did the above. Homework: learn off all the bones in the body for a short test on them tomorrow.


Friday 30/8/19: TO DO: Correct homework question and continue with the nervous system. Cover the topics of spinal cord, reflex arc and differences between a nervous response and an endocrine response. Students to also do the knee jerk reflex. DONE: Did all of the above. Homework: finish questions at the end of the chapter and complete all questions on assigned worksheet.

Thursday 29/8/19: TO DO: Continue with Chapter 39: the human nervous system – the central nervous system. DONE: Covered the brain, its structure and functions of the various parts. Homework: question 10 page 406.

Tuesday 27/8/19: TO DO: Discuss year plan and continue with Chapter 39: human nervous system. DONE: Did the above. Covered the senses of taste, smell and touch. Homework: get the exam papers and study!